SHRI HARMANDIR SAHIB (GOLDEN TEMPLE)
Shri Harmandir sahib is one of the holy Sikh temple (Gurdwara). Located in Indian state of Punjab(Amritsar).It is also known as golden temple(because of golden coating ) or Darbar sahib and Some Called it Swarn mandir. Too many names but one destination that is God.The meaning of harmandir is har(god) mandir(temple) God’ temple or the temple of god.It is a place where Sikhs worship the god.The founder of the Harmandir sahib is fifth guru of Sikhism Shri guru arjan dev ji. The construction of Golden temple starts in 1588 of December under the supervision of Shri guru arjan dev ji. The foundation brick is laid by Sufi saint sai Mian Mir one of the greatest saint of Lahore (now in Pakistan).There is also a sarovar(holy water pilgrim) around the harmandir sahib which is built by Shri guru ram das ji from a small lake of village tung in 1577(construction starts in 1570 and complete in 1577).The construction of the Golden temple is completed in 1604.
Guru arjan dev ji also completed the installation(setup) of guru granth sahib in harmandir sahib(Golden temple) And baba budha ji is appointed as a very first granthi(Reader of guru granth sahib) in Gurdwara sahib. Shri Guru nanak dev Ji also visited this place in their time and they met a small child Bura and renamed him by baba budha due to his Great thoughts and thinking towards god.In 1606 Sri Guru Hargobind ji built Akal Takht (One of the five Takht of Sikhs.) Near to harmandir sahib.
Shri Harmandir sahib is a symbol of peace, unity, truism, humanity and it is home of god. The great sikh Emperor maharaja ranjit singh planted gold all over the harmandir sahib in 1830.That is why it is pronounced as golden temple in English.Basically there is only one gate entrance for the temples in India but there are four gates for entrance to the golden temple .The four gates refers that peoples from all over the world of any caste, religion, creed can come to here without any difference or racism . The doors of Shri Harmandir sahib open to all four directions. Sikh and peoples from all over the World come to Amritsar and visit Harmandir sahib for worship and pray. Peoples also take bath in ramdas sarovar .Because of its healing properties,many people are healed their diseases and injuries that are impossible to cure.
PLACES TO VISIT IN GOLDEN TEMPLE COMPLEX
- Gurdwara dukh banjani beri stands on the eastern side of the sarover by the side of yet another old spiny tree having dark red edible fruits”known as dukhbanjani beri”.This place is associated with the legend of a person suffering from leprosy got cured by taking dip.Shri guru ramdas ji decided to develop the reservoir into a big holy water tank named amrit sarover.
- Ath sath tirath place is blessed with the benefit of holy bathing of sixty eight holy rivers .
- Diwan hall is also known as “manji sahib”.Shri guru arjan dev ji recited the bara maha(12 months) at this place.Gurdwara manji sahib is located near langar hall.In the morning time katha(gurubani vichar) will be held everyday.
- Shaheed bunga baba deep singh ji shaheed:-at this place the great sikh warrior baba deep singh ji sacrifice for the dignity of shri harmandir sahib.
- Elachi ber:-at this shri guru arjan dev ji used to supervise the construction of shri harmandir sahib sitting at this place,also the two sikh warrior’s sukha singh and mehtab singh tied their horses,when they came to stop the desecration of shri harmandir sahib at the hands of massa rangahr.
- Har ki pauri is the place is blessed with such a belief that god himself took part in the construction of shri harmandir sahib.
- Gurdwara thara sahib:- shri guru teg bahadur ji after attaining the guruship,they came to harmandir sahib ,and the management then closed the doors of harmandir sahib.After this happened Guru Teg bahadur ji made a prayer at this place and went back.
- Gurdwara baba atal rai ji is located close to shri harmandir sahib complex.This gurudwara is in remebrance of baba atal rai ji the younger son of shru guru hargobind sahib.The nine storeys of gurudwara recall baba atal’s rai nine years of life before his death in 1628.The langar ( free cooked food) came from varies places from outside and distributed along with the langar made in this gurdwara.
- Central sikh museum:-in this the sikh history has been described in the form of paintings,sketches,portraits,photos and manuscripts.Some relics related to sikh gurus,sikh rule are also displayed.
- Ber baba buddha ji is an old tree where baba buddha ji the first head priest of shri harmandir sahib used to supervised the construction of shri harmandir sahib and digging of sarover.
- Shri akal takhat sahib the first takhat was established by shri guru hargobind sahib ji 1606.It is situated just opposite to the gate of or entrance to shri harmandir sahib.Shri guru hargobing sahib ji established it,for solving ,deciding the secular political matters of sikh rule.
- Bungas ramgharia was built by great sikh warrior jassa singh ramgharia in the late 18th century(1794),located in the golden temple complex.It was constructed to serve a dual purpose of housing pilgrims visiting shri harmandir sahib and fortifying the area to protect the holy complex from outside invasion.
SHRI CHOLA SAHIB.DERA BABA NANAK
To make the sinful world comfortable and bring illusive people on right path, Nirankar Kartar “ Himself “ took birth as “ Divine Soul “ of Narankar and got name Guru Nanak . Blessing all four sides of world through “His “ sayings made the people beloveds of God, Dhan Guru Nanak Patshah Ji undertook his fourth travel to Arab Country for ameliorating the world and spreading motives/Principle of truth and reached Kaikai city of Missoor country enrouting through Mecca Medina, where a greedy Sultan Hamid Karu fulfilled with evil desires, was resided and collected 45 Gunj wealth in a savage manner. Guru Ji cas his benevolence upon him. He put on straight way of truth and ordered him to divide 45 Gunj wealth amongst poor. After it, Dhan Guru Nanak Patshah Ji reached in Baghdad City ( Iraq). The Khaliffa Bucker imprisoned some Saints and Faqir to see their miracle work. The people were very teased from him. None has prerogative to speak in favour of his right/ justice. Khaliffa Bucker has no child due to which he was feeling unpleasure internally and remains in worried condition. Dhan Guru Nanak Patshah Ji sat in a garden and started to reciting Gurbani- Sabad through which praise the God . On hearing voice of Viol ( Musical Rabab ) and Kirtan, Khaliffa Bucker sent his solider Abdul Wahid to stop it. When Abdul Wahid reached the Guru ji, he was himself attracted toward sweet Gurbani Sabad reciting by Guru Nanak Dev Ji and rested there. When the Pir( Muslim Divine) alongwith his servants and Faqire’s came to Satguru Ji, he was also mixed with the colour of good deeds while conversation with Guru Nanak Dev Ji started worship “ HIM”. When this report reached Khaliffa Bucker, he rushed to Guru Ji and prayed with folded hands, then Satguru Nanak Patshah ji asked him to leave all arrested Faqir’s then you ( Khaliffa Bucker) will be able to pardon from all earned sins otherwise these bad evils/deeds shall carry with him wherever he goes. On listening it , Khaliffa Bucker obeyed it & released all bondage, became disciple of Guru Ji and urged before Guru Ji for blessing of a son and devoted maximum time in doing sewa of Satguru Nanak.
When a son was born in Khaliffa bucker’s home, his wife(Begum) prepared a beautiful Robe (Chola) on which some holy verses of Quran and figure work of arithmetic was imprinted. The Begum offered Robe(Chola) alongwith pearls and ornaments set with jewels, to Satguru Nanak Dev Ji which were not accepted by Guru ji. But Khaliffa Bucker with gracefully and good intentions, put on this Robe (Chola) around neck of Guru Ji. and one picture of Guru Ji was built and fixed in his home with a view to remember Guru Ji every day.
The emperor of Arab namely Lajwardh was a cruel and merciless king. The news of guru ji’s arrival spread like fire and thus reached the ears of ruthless emperor. His courtiers informed the emperor about Guru’s ji arrival and that this saint has put on a beautiful holy robe on which verses from Quran have imprinted. The emperor ordered his minister to get that pious, beautiful holy Robe from Guru ji. Obeying the order of emperor the minister went to Guru ji and requested to take off the old Robe (Chola ). Guru ji said he himself has not worn this, So he cannot take off it according to his will. If they wanted this , they could take it off themselves. Hearing this from Guru ji, the Wazir tried hard to part Guru Ji from this holy robe. Facing the failure to get this holy robe from Guru ji, the cruel king ordered his minister to torture Guru ji physically. So, the minister pushed Guru ji from a high mountain, dranched them in water and also set on fire but true lord could be harassed . The lord of water,air and fire bowed themselves before the immortal and imperishable divinity. When this report reached the emperor, he got furious and awarded death sentence to Guru ji. But see the miracle and greatness of the immortal supreme lord that sharpe edged tree( Sulie) on which the Guru ji were to be pushed, itself became a swing of the spring. At last when the emperor understood that this simple saint is Allah himself in the form of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, then he felt on Guru ji feet and begged to pardon his sins.
The blessed lord asked him to leave ruthless path and serve the mankind, accordingly he will be blessed by the divine. Then onwards this merciless king became a humble and kind hearted human being and served humanity( The details of it has been written in Sakhi by Bhai Balaji and Sri Suraj Prakash ).
“GURU JI’ LAST DAYS AT SRI KARTARPUR SAHIB”
Guru ji infused the treasure of vertues in his followers and spent his last days at Sri Kartarpur.( Please note: Sri Kartarpur sahib is now located in Pakistan which is almost 3 Kms away from Dera Baba Nanak,Distt.Gurdaspur. Here he spent more than 17 years in preaching and serving the mankind. He said that by contemplation of God’s name one gets true happiness. One who recites his name with a true heart becomes immortal and gets true knowledge of the divine. The lord is the bestower and embodiment of blessings and all joys and happiness. Bhai Lehna Ji served Guru ji whole heartedly and meanlessly. Guru ji blessed him and entitled him as Guru Angad and gifted the pious holy Robe (Chola Sahib) and five other belongings like Sehli Topi, Rosary( Mala), the Holy book, Wooden Footwear to Guru Angad Dev Ji. These priceless and precious belongings were passed on to Guru Amar Dass Ji. Similarly these symbols were passed on to Guru Ramdass Ji and Guru Arjan Dev Ji.
“ Kar Sewa of Holy Tank( Sarover) at Sri Amritsar ”
The Kar sewa at Amritsar was started by the Fifth Guru, Sri Guru Arjun Dev ji for construction of Holy tank of Harimander Sahib(Golden Temple) Amritsar. People from far and near infused their devotion in this Kar sewa. On this auspicious occasion one of the devotees of the Almighty, Bhai Tota Ram Arorribansi from the Sohaan city of Afghan country also rendered his untiring and selfless services. Guru ji were very impressed by his devotion and bestowed his blessings on him and asked Bhai Tota Ram for a wish. Bhai Tota Ram said Guru ji that he is very fortunate and have already been blessed by the Almightly with all the treasure of wordly pleasures.
Still O, almighty if you wish, then bless us with blessings which could quench the thirst of our souls and attaining everlasting happiness by worshipping your lord ship every moment. The Fifth Guru Arjun Dev Ji were so pleased by his devotion. At this time the holy book, Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji were not ready in form. So Guru ji presented Bhai Tota Ram, the holy Robe(Chola Sahib) and said that when ever he would worship this holy Robe, would worship the Almighty in true form and by its grace he would be able to cross the ocean of wordly aspirations. So, they should care for it with pious and true devotion and dedication and further one who is blessed by the Almighty would get this Chola Sahib as a token of blessings and remembrance. The remaining five symbols were given to the Sodhi Clan. Out of these, Sehli Topi is now at Kiratpur Sahib whereas Rosary(Mala), the Holy book and wooden footwear are at Guru Har Sahai a town of Distt. Ferozepur in Punjab. Meanwhile Bhai Tota Ram took the precious, holy Chola Sahib to his country and served mankind by helping them to worship the Chola Sahib and attaining the blessings of the divine. Bhai Tota Ram served Sri Chola Sahib with true dedication until his last breath. When he realized that his life was coming to an end, he placed Chola Sahib in a cave and placed a huge rock slab in front of it & prayed to the imperishable Almighty to care for his priceless gift of the lord and he left for heavenly abode.
Placement of Sri Chola Sahib at Dera Baba Nanak in District Gurdaspur
Baba Shri Chand Ji (Elder son of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji ), the lord of immerable supreme super natural powers, established Dera Baba Nanak in the loving memory of his father. One night Guru ji(Guru Nanak Dev Ji) appeared in the dream of Baba Kabli Mal Ji, the ninth Generation of Guru ji and ordered him to get the holy Chola Sahib back to Punjab from the Arab country of Bhai Tota Ram Ji. Next morning Baba Kabli Mal Ji narrated the whole dream and discussed the matter with his family members and other devotees. The devotees requested Baba Kabli Mal Ji for their help and guidance in accomplishing this holy task of getting back the Chola Sahib to Punjab. Alongwith some of his devotees, Baba Ji reached Sohaan, city of Bhai Tota Ram Ji.
People of Sohaan welcomed Baba Ji warmly and helped them to accomplish the desire of the devotees and the Almighty and told Baba Ji that Guru’s ji holy robe was laying inside the cave which is blocked by a big rock. Baba Kabli Mal ji rested for a night at Sohaan city. During his sleep, Guru Nanak Dev Ji again appeared and told Baba Ji to get up early at early hours of the dawn and after reciting Japji Sahib and chanting Ardaas, he should sprinkle water Five times and the huge rock which was placed in front of the cave will itself give a way and help him. Baba Ji got up early next morning and performed all the retuals with devotion and accomplished the task as was told by Guru’s ji in his dream. Further alongwith the other devotees, he took out Shri Chola Sahib with great respect and proceeded back to Dera BabaNanak(Gurdaspur, Punjab).
Mela Shri Chola Sahib at Dera Baba Nanak
Proceeding back along with the other devotees, Baba Kabli Mal Ji reached Dera Baba Nanak on 21 March( Fagun month according Sikh Calender) 1807.The people of Dera Baba Nanak welcomed Baba Ji and others who accompanied him, warmly and celebrated this auspicious and remarkable occasion. Since then, this occasion is being celebrated every year from the 3rd March to 7th March and Mela is organized in which devotees from far and near, in and out the country come to Dera Baba Nanak and pay their devotions and get blessings of Almighty . This time there is too much excitement and will power in sangat of this area to serve Sadh sangat coming from far and away for seeing Shri Chola Sahib at Dera Baba Nanak.
GURDWARA GURU NANAK LAMA CHUNG THANG (SIKKIM)
Chung Thang is a very little hill village which Gangtok( Sikkam) in 100 Kms North side . Chung Thang is a very beautiful and attractive place surrounded with three big mountains and two running rivers. Dhan Guru Nanak DevJi, ameliorating the world, with BhaiMardanaJi, while undertaking journey to China , arrived at this place. As per historical elements, Dhan Guru Nanak DevJi, on visiting this beautiful place, said “ “ Good Place “ which was called and famous later on “ As Chung Thang “
When Satguru Guru Nanak DevJi coming to this side, then on the way one Giant came forward to prevent to go ahead. SatguruPatshahJi moved stick caught in hand toward Giant to go aside. Stick contained so spiritual powerful that with one direction of stick, Giant went on a hill north side of Chung Thang . Satguru Guru Nanak Patshahji, sat on a open place lying in ChuingThang, where to-day “ Nishan Sahib “exists and recited Gurbani in praise of Almighty. People of that area, felt happiness but Giant angered and he rolled a big stone from hill toward Guru Ji. The rolling stone was stopped itself when it was reached near feet of Guru Nanak DevJi.
Dhan Guru Nanak DevJi said to MardanaJi, let us come to sit down on this soft place . when Guru Ji started to climb up on the stone, that was so melted and so softened that signs of Guru Ji feet was imprinted on stone. These signs are still visible on stone. By this time, sangat was started to gather for seeing Guru Ji and lot of eatable material offered to HIM. Mardanaji desired to drink water to quench the thirst. Guru Ji produced a Inflow waterfall there in a stone with a arm . All the sangat drank the water at that time and even to-day also there is specific importance of that inflow- waterfall that water does not finish despite of taking water from it in large quantity as per will nor it overflows or dilute.
Guru Ji also sat down on this stone and ate rice on Banana leave brought by residents of that area. The residents of village who care called LAMAS, urged to Guru Ji that crop of rice does not grow here. On listening it, Guru Ji took up few quantity of rice from Banana leave and spread it all around on the earth and simultaneously spoken that rice crop around of this stone, will grow. Chung Thang is such a place where rice crop around 100 Kms is grown in plenty. The residents ( LAMAS) always remember to this blessing of Satguru Nanak PatshahJi. These are disciples and worshipper of Dhan Guru Nanak DevJi. Guru ji also sat down on the stone and recited Kirtan and given doctrines to the sangat.
About 50 yards distance beyond of this holy stone, Guru MaharajJi , the stick (Kudi) that was caught in hand while pointing out the Giant to go aside, was fixed there. Now, this stick( Kudi) has been grown “ As Tree” there turned in Kudi shape which to-day, can be seen
GURDWARA GURUDONGMAR LAKE (SIKKIM)
Dhan Guru Nanak DevJi proceeded ahead from Chung Thang toward Gurudongmar lake which is situated at height of 18000 ft and reached Gurudongmar Lake. This lake remains covered with Ice. There was major problem for not getting water. Guru Ji had removed some layers of ice with his hand. From that place till to-day, with blessings of Dhan Guru Nanak DevJi, Ice , within the area 12x3 ft, does not freeze. This holy place was ascertained in 1977 when Subedar Major Gian Singh BhullarJi of 17 Assam Rifle, was informed by the local residents that DhanSatguru Nanak DevJi was come to that place.
From this place, Dhan Guru Nanak DevJi went to Capital LASA of Tibet where some prisoners arrested by king, were got free. Guru ji, then reached Punjab State enrooting through China. Indian Army is looking after as well as performing true sewa devotionally and lovingly of Gurdwara Guru Nanak Lama Chung Thang and GurdwaraGurudongmar Lake.